Example NumPy Style Python DocstringsΒΆ

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
"""Example NumPy style docstrings.

This module demonstrates documentation as specified by the `NumPy
Documentation HOWTO`_. Docstrings may extend over multiple lines. Sections
are created with a section header followed by an underline of equal length.

Example
-------
Examples can be given using either the ``Example`` or ``Examples``
sections. Sections support any reStructuredText formatting, including
literal blocks::

    $ python example_numpy.py


Section breaks are created with two blank lines. Section breaks are also
implicitly created anytime a new section starts. Section bodies *may* be
indented:

Notes
-----
    This is an example of an indented section. It's like any other section,
    but the body is indented to help it stand out from surrounding text.

If a section is indented, then a section break is created by
resuming unindented text.

Attributes
----------
module_level_variable1 : int
    Module level variables may be documented in either the ``Attributes``
    section of the module docstring, or in an inline docstring immediately
    following the variable.

    Either form is acceptable, but the two should not be mixed. Choose
    one convention to document module level variables and be consistent
    with it.

.. _NumPy Documentation HOWTO:
   https://github.com/numpy/numpy/blob/master/doc/HOWTO_DOCUMENT.rst.txt

"""

module_level_variable1 = 12345

module_level_variable2 = 98765
"""int: Module level variable documented inline.

The docstring may span multiple lines. The type may optionally be specified
on the first line, separated by a colon.
"""


def module_level_function(param1, param2=None, *args, **kwargs):
    """This is an example of a module level function.

    Function parameters should be documented in the ``Parameters`` section.
    The name of each parameter is required. The type and description of each
    parameter is optional, but should be included if not obvious.

    Parameter types -- if given -- should be specified according to
    `PEP 484`_, though `PEP 484`_ conformance isn't required or enforced.

    If \*args or \*\*kwargs are accepted,
    they should be listed as ``*args`` and ``**kwargs``.

    The format for a parameter is::

        name : type
            description

            The description may span multiple lines. Following lines
            should be indented to match the first line of the description.
            The ": type" is optional.

            Multiple paragraphs are supported in parameter
            descriptions.

    Parameters
    ----------
    param1 : int
        The first parameter.
    param2 : Optional[str]
        The second parameter.
    *args
        Variable length argument list.
    **kwargs
        Arbitrary keyword arguments.

    Returns
    -------
    bool
        True if successful, False otherwise.

        The return type is not optional. The ``Returns`` section may span
        multiple lines and paragraphs. Following lines should be indented to
        match the first line of the description.

        The ``Returns`` section supports any reStructuredText formatting,
        including literal blocks::

            {
                'param1': param1,
                'param2': param2
            }

    Raises
    ------
    AttributeError
        The ``Raises`` section is a list of all exceptions
        that are relevant to the interface.
    ValueError
        If `param2` is equal to `param1`.


    .. _PEP 484:
       https://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0484/

    """
    if param1 == param2:
        raise ValueError('param1 may not be equal to param2')
    return True


def example_generator(n):
    """Generators have a ``Yields`` section instead of a ``Returns`` section.

    Parameters
    ----------
    n : int
        The upper limit of the range to generate, from 0 to `n` - 1.

    Yields
    ------
    int
        The next number in the range of 0 to `n` - 1.

    Examples
    --------
    Examples should be written in doctest format, and should illustrate how
    to use the function.

    >>> print([i for i in example_generator(4)])
    [0, 1, 2, 3]

    """
    for i in range(n):
        yield i


class ExampleError(Exception):
    """Exceptions are documented in the same way as classes.

    The __init__ method may be documented in either the class level
    docstring, or as a docstring on the __init__ method itself.

    Either form is acceptable, but the two should not be mixed. Choose one
    convention to document the __init__ method and be consistent with it.

    Note
    ----
    Do not include the `self` parameter in the ``Parameters`` section.

    Parameters
    ----------
    msg : str
        Human readable string describing the exception.
    code : Optional[int]
        Numeric error code.

    Attributes
    ----------
    msg : str
        Human readable string describing the exception.
    code : int
        Numeric error code.

    """

    def __init__(self, msg, code):
        self.msg = msg
        self.code = code


class ExampleClass(object):
    """The summary line for a class docstring should fit on one line.

    If the class has public attributes, they may be documented here
    in an ``Attributes`` section and follow the same formatting as a
    function's ``Args`` section. Alternatively, attributes may be documented
    inline with the attribute's declaration (see __init__ method below).

    Properties created with the ``@property`` decorator should be documented
    in the property's getter method.

    Attribute and property types -- if given -- should be specified according
    to `PEP 484`_, though `PEP 484`_ conformance isn't required or enforced.

    Attributes
    ----------
    attr1 : str
        Description of `attr1`.
    attr2 : Optional[int]
        Description of `attr2`.


    .. _PEP 484:
       https://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0484/

    """

    def __init__(self, param1, param2, param3):
        """Example of docstring on the __init__ method.

        The __init__ method may be documented in either the class level
        docstring, or as a docstring on the __init__ method itself.

        Either form is acceptable, but the two should not be mixed. Choose one
        convention to document the __init__ method and be consistent with it.

        Note
        ----
        Do not include the `self` parameter in the ``Parameters`` section.

        Parameters
        ----------
        param1 : str
            Description of `param1`.
        param2 : List[str]
            Description of `param2`. Multiple
            lines are supported.
        param3 : Optional[int]
            Description of `param3`.

        """
        self.attr1 = param1
        self.attr2 = param2
        self.attr3 = param3  #: Doc comment *inline* with attribute

        #: List[str]: Doc comment *before* attribute, with type specified
        self.attr4 = ["attr4"]

        self.attr5 = None
        """Optional[str]: Docstring *after* attribute, with type specified."""

    @property
    def readonly_property(self):
        """str: Properties should be documented in their getter method."""
        return "readonly_property"

    @property
    def readwrite_property(self):
        """List[str]: Properties with both a getter and setter should only
        be documented in their getter method.

        If the setter method contains notable behavior, it should be
        mentioned here.
        """
        return ["readwrite_property"]

    @readwrite_property.setter
    def readwrite_property(self, value):
        value

    def example_method(self, param1, param2):
        """Class methods are similar to regular functions.

        Note
        ----
        Do not include the `self` parameter in the ``Parameters`` section.

        Parameters
        ----------
        param1
            The first parameter.
        param2
            The second parameter.

        Returns
        -------
        bool
            True if successful, False otherwise.

        """
        return True

    def __special__(self):
        """By default special members with docstrings are not included.

        Special members are any methods or attributes that start with and
        end with a double underscore. Any special member with a docstring
        will be included in the output, if
        ``napoleon_include_special_with_doc`` is set to True.

        This behavior can be enabled by changing the following setting in
        Sphinx's conf.py::

            napoleon_include_special_with_doc = True

        """
        pass

    def __special_without_docstring__(self):
        pass

    def _private(self):
        """By default private members are not included.

        Private members are any methods or attributes that start with an
        underscore and are *not* special. By default they are not included
        in the output.

        This behavior can be changed such that private members *are* included
        by changing the following setting in Sphinx's conf.py::

            napoleon_include_private_with_doc = True

        """
        pass

    def _private_without_docstring(self):
        pass