Source code for sphinx.locale

"""
    sphinx.locale
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    Locale utilities.

    :copyright: Copyright 2007-2016 by the Sphinx team, see AUTHORS.
    :license: BSD, see LICENSE for details.
"""

import gettext
import locale
from collections import UserString, defaultdict
from gettext import NullTranslations

if False:
    # For type annotation
    from typing import Any, Callable, Dict, Iterable, List, Tuple, Union  # NOQA


class _TranslationProxy(UserString):
    """
    Class for proxy strings from gettext translations.  This is a helper for the
    lazy_* functions from this module.

    The proxy implementation attempts to be as complete as possible, so that
    the lazy objects should mostly work as expected, for example for sorting.

    This inherits from UserString because some docutils versions use UserString
    for their Text nodes, which then checks its argument for being either a
    basestring or UserString, otherwise calls str() -- not unicode() -- on it.
    """
    __slots__ = ('_func', '_args')

    def __new__(cls, func, *args):
        # type: (Callable, str) -> object
        if not args:
            # not called with "function" and "arguments", but a plain string
            return str(func)
        return object.__new__(cls)

    def __getnewargs__(self):
        # type: () -> Tuple[str]
        return (self._func,) + self._args  # type: ignore

    def __init__(self, func, *args):
        # type: (Callable, str) -> None
        self._func = func
        self._args = args

    @property
    def data(self):  # type: ignore
        # type: () -> str
        return self._func(*self._args)

    # replace function from UserString; it instantiates a self.__class__
    # for the encoding result

    def encode(self, encoding=None, errors=None):  # type: ignore
        # type: (str, str) -> bytes
        if encoding:
            if errors:
                return self.data.encode(encoding, errors)
            else:
                return self.data.encode(encoding)
        else:
            return self.data.encode()

    def __dir__(self):
        # type: () -> List[str]
        return dir(str)

    def __str__(self):
        # type: () -> str
        return str(self.data)

    def __add__(self, other):  # type: ignore
        # type: (str) -> str
        return self.data + other

    def __radd__(self, other):
        # type: (str) -> str
        return other + self.data

    def __mod__(self, other):  # type: ignore
        # type: (str) -> str
        return self.data % other

    def __rmod__(self, other):
        # type: (str) -> str
        return other % self.data

    def __mul__(self, other):  # type: ignore
        # type: (Any) -> str
        return self.data * other

    def __rmul__(self, other):
        # type: (Any) -> str
        return other * self.data

    def __getattr__(self, name):
        # type: (str) -> Any
        if name == '__members__':
            return self.__dir__()
        return getattr(self.data, name)

    def __getstate__(self):
        # type: () -> Tuple[Callable, Tuple[str, ...]]
        return self._func, self._args

    def __setstate__(self, tup):
        # type: (Tuple[Callable, Tuple[str]]) -> None
        self._func, self._args = tup

    def __copy__(self):
        # type: () -> _TranslationProxy
        return self

    def __repr__(self):
        # type: () -> str
        try:
            return 'i' + repr(str(self.data))
        except Exception:
            return '<%s broken>' % self.__class__.__name__


translators = defaultdict(NullTranslations)  # type: Dict[Tuple[str, str], NullTranslations]


[docs]def init(locale_dirs, language, catalog='sphinx', namespace='general'): # type: (List[str], str, str, str) -> Tuple[NullTranslations, bool] """Look for message catalogs in `locale_dirs` and *ensure* that there is at least a NullTranslations catalog set in `translators`. If called multiple times or if several ``.mo`` files are found, their contents are merged together (thus making ``init`` reentrant). """ global translators translator = translators.get((namespace, catalog)) # ignore previously failed attempts to find message catalogs if translator.__class__ is NullTranslations: translator = None # the None entry is the system's default locale path has_translation = True if language and '_' in language: # for language having country code (like "de_AT") languages = [language, language.split('_')[0]] else: languages = [language] # loading for dir_ in locale_dirs: try: trans = gettext.translation(catalog, localedir=dir_, languages=languages) if translator is None: translator = trans else: translator.add_fallback(trans) except Exception: # Language couldn't be found in the specified path pass # guarantee translators[(namespace, catalog)] exists if translator is None: translator = NullTranslations() has_translation = False translators[(namespace, catalog)] = translator return translator, has_translation
def setlocale(category, value=None): # type: (int, Union[str, Iterable[str]]) -> None """Update locale settings. This does not throw any exception even if update fails. This is workaround for Python's bug. For more details: * https://github.com/sphinx-doc/sphinx/issues/5724 * https://bugs.python.org/issue18378#msg215215 .. note:: Only for internal use. Please don't call this method from extensions. This will be removed in future. """ try: locale.setlocale(category, value) except locale.Error: pass
[docs]def init_console(locale_dir, catalog): # type: (str, str) -> Tuple[NullTranslations, bool] """Initialize locale for console. .. versionadded:: 1.8 """ try: # encoding is ignored language, _ = locale.getlocale(locale.LC_MESSAGES) except AttributeError: # LC_MESSAGES is not always defined. Fallback to the default language # in case it is not. language = None return init([locale_dir], language, catalog, 'console')
def get_translator(catalog='sphinx', namespace='general'): # type: (str, str) -> NullTranslations return translators[(namespace, catalog)] def is_translator_registered(catalog='sphinx', namespace='general'): # type: (str, str) -> bool return (namespace, catalog) in translators def _lazy_translate(catalog, namespace, message): # type: (str, str, str) -> str """Used instead of _ when creating TranslationProxy, because _ is not bound yet at that time. """ translator = get_translator(catalog, namespace) return translator.gettext(message)
[docs]def get_translation(catalog, namespace='general'): """Get a translation function based on the *catalog* and *namespace*. The extension can use this API to translate the messages on the extension:: import os from sphinx.locale import get_translation MESSAGE_CATALOG_NAME = 'myextension' # name of *.pot, *.po and *.mo files _ = get_translation(MESSAGE_CATALOG_NAME) text = _('Hello Sphinx!') def setup(app): package_dir = path.abspath(path.dirname(__file__)) locale_dir = os.path.join(package_dir, 'locales') app.add_message_catalog(MESSAGE_CATALOG_NAME, locale_dir) With this code, sphinx searches a message catalog from ``${package_dir}/locales/${language}/LC_MESSAGES/myextension.mo``. The :confval:`language` is used for the searching. .. versionadded:: 1.8 """ def gettext(message, *args): # type: (str, *Any) -> str if not is_translator_registered(catalog, namespace): # not initialized yet return _TranslationProxy(_lazy_translate, catalog, namespace, message) # type: ignore # NOQA else: translator = get_translator(catalog, namespace) if len(args) <= 1: return translator.gettext(message) else: # support pluralization return translator.ngettext(message, args[0], args[1]) return gettext
# A shortcut for sphinx-core #: Translation function for messages on documentation (menu, labels, themes and so on). #: This function follows :confval:`language` setting. _ = get_translation('sphinx') #: Translation function for console messages #: This function follows locale setting (`LC_ALL`, `LC_MESSAGES` and so on). __ = get_translation('sphinx', 'console') # labels admonitionlabels = { 'attention': _('Attention'), 'caution': _('Caution'), 'danger': _('Danger'), 'error': _('Error'), 'hint': _('Hint'), 'important': _('Important'), 'note': _('Note'), 'seealso': _('See also'), 'tip': _('Tip'), 'warning': _('Warning'), } # Moved to sphinx.directives.other (will be overriden later) versionlabels = {} # type: Dict[str, str] # Moved to sphinx.domains.python (will be overriden later) pairindextypes = {} # type: Dict[str, str]