Sphinxのインストール

概要

Sphinx is written in Python and supports both Python 2.7 and Python 3.3+. We recommend the latter.

Linux

Debian/Ubuntu

Install either python3-sphinx (Python 3) or python-sphinx (Python 2) using apt-get:

$ apt-get install python3-sphinx

If it not already present, this will install Python for you.

RHEL, CentOS

Install python-sphinx using yum:

$ yum install python-sphinx

If it not already present, this will install Python for you.

Other distributions

Most Linux distributions have Sphinx in their package repositories. Usually the package is called python3-sphinx, python-sphinx or sphinx. Be aware that there are at least two other packages with sphinx in their name: a speech recognition toolkit (CMU Sphinx) and a full-text search database (Sphinx search).

macOS

Sphinx can be installed using Homebrew, MacPorts, or as part of a Python distribution such as Anaconda.

Homebrew

$ brew install sphinx-doc

For more information, refer to the package overview.

MacPorts

Install either python36-sphinx (Python 3) or python27-sphinx (Python 2) using port:

$ sudo port install py36-sphinx

実行パスを設定するために port select コマンドを使って下さい:

$ sudo port select --set python python36
$ sudo port select --set sphinx py36-sphinx

For more information, refer to the package overview.

Anaconda

$ conda install sphinx

Windows

課題

Could we start packaging this?

Most Windows users do not have Python installed by default, so we begin with the installation of Python itself. If you are unsure, open the Command Prompt (⊞Win-r and type cmd). Once the command prompt is open, type python --version and press Enter. If Python is available, you will see the version of Python printed to the screen. If you do not have Python installed, refer to the Hitchhikers Guide to Python's Python on Windows installation guides. You can install either Python 3 or Python 2.7. Python 3 is recommended.

Once Python is installed, you can install Sphinx using pip. Refer to the pip installation instructions below for more information.

Installation from PyPI

Sphinx packages are published on the Python Package Index. The preferred tool for installing packages from PyPI is pip. This tool is provided with all modern versions of Python.

On Linux or MacOS, you should open your terminal and run the following command.

$ pip install -U sphinx

On Windows, you should open Command Prompt (⊞Win-r and type cmd) and run the same command.

C:\> pip install -U sphinx

After installation, type sphinx-build --version on the command prompt. If everything worked fine, you will see the version number for the Sphinx package you just installed.

Installation from PyPI also allows you to install the latest development release. You will not generally need (or want) to do this, but it can be useful if you see a possible bug in the latest stable release. To do this, use the --pre flag.

$ pip install -U --pre sphinx

Installation from source

You can install Sphinx directly from a clone of the Git repository. This can be done either by cloning the repo and installing from the local clone, on simply installing directly via git.

$ git clone https://github.com/sphinx-doc/sphinx
$ cd sphinx
$ pip install .
$ pip install git+https://github.com/sphinx-doc/sphinx

You can also download a snapshot of the Git repo in either tar.gz or zip format. Once downloaded and extracted, these can be installed with pip as above.