sphinx.domains.python のソースコード

"""
    sphinx.domains.python
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    The Python domain.

    :copyright: Copyright 2007-2021 by the Sphinx team, see AUTHORS.
    :license: BSD, see LICENSE for details.
"""

import builtins
import inspect
import re
import sys
import typing
import warnings
from inspect import Parameter
from typing import Any, Dict, Iterable, Iterator, List, NamedTuple, Tuple, Type, cast

from docutils import nodes
from docutils.nodes import Element, Node
from docutils.parsers.rst import directives

from sphinx import addnodes
from sphinx.addnodes import desc_signature, pending_xref
from sphinx.application import Sphinx
from sphinx.builders import Builder
from sphinx.deprecation import RemovedInSphinx50Warning
from sphinx.directives import ObjectDescription
from sphinx.domains import Domain, Index, IndexEntry, ObjType
from sphinx.environment import BuildEnvironment
from sphinx.locale import _, __
from sphinx.pycode.ast import ast
from sphinx.pycode.ast import parse as ast_parse
from sphinx.roles import XRefRole
from sphinx.util import logging
from sphinx.util.docfields import Field, GroupedField, TypedField
from sphinx.util.docutils import SphinxDirective
from sphinx.util.inspect import signature_from_str
from sphinx.util.nodes import make_id, make_refnode
from sphinx.util.typing import TextlikeNode

logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)


# REs for Python signatures
py_sig_re = re.compile(
    r'''^ ([\w.]*\.)?            # class name(s)
          (\w+)  \s*             # thing name
          (?: \(\s*(.*)\s*\)     # optional: arguments
           (?:\s* -> \s* (.*))?  #           return annotation
          )? $                   # and nothing more
          ''', re.VERBOSE)


pairindextypes = {
    'module':    _('module'),
    'keyword':   _('keyword'),
    'operator':  _('operator'),
    'object':    _('object'),
    'exception': _('exception'),
    'statement': _('statement'),
    'builtin':   _('built-in function'),
}


class ObjectEntry(NamedTuple):
    docname: str
    node_id: str
    objtype: str
    canonical: bool


class ModuleEntry(NamedTuple):
    docname: str
    node_id: str
    synopsis: str
    platform: str
    deprecated: bool


def type_to_xref(text: str, env: BuildEnvironment = None) -> addnodes.pending_xref:
    """Convert a type string to a cross reference node."""
    if text == 'None':
        reftype = 'obj'
    else:
        reftype = 'class'

    if env:
        kwargs = {'py:module': env.ref_context.get('py:module'),
                  'py:class': env.ref_context.get('py:class')}
    else:
        kwargs = {}

    return pending_xref('', nodes.Text(text),
                        refdomain='py', reftype=reftype, reftarget=text, **kwargs)


def _parse_annotation(annotation: str, env: BuildEnvironment = None) -> List[Node]:
    """Parse type annotation."""
    def unparse(node: ast.AST) -> List[Node]:
        if isinstance(node, ast.Attribute):
            return [nodes.Text("%s.%s" % (unparse(node.value)[0], node.attr))]
        elif isinstance(node, ast.BinOp):
            result = unparse(node.left)  # type: List[Node]
            result.extend(unparse(node.op))
            result.extend(unparse(node.right))
            return result
        elif isinstance(node, ast.BitOr):
            return [nodes.Text(' '), addnodes.desc_sig_punctuation('', '|'), nodes.Text(' ')]
        elif isinstance(node, ast.Constant):  # type: ignore
            if node.value is Ellipsis:
                return [addnodes.desc_sig_punctuation('', "...")]
            else:
                return [nodes.Text(node.value)]
        elif isinstance(node, ast.Expr):
            return unparse(node.value)
        elif isinstance(node, ast.Index):
            return unparse(node.value)
        elif isinstance(node, ast.List):
            result = [addnodes.desc_sig_punctuation('', '[')]
            for elem in node.elts:
                result.extend(unparse(elem))
                result.append(addnodes.desc_sig_punctuation('', ', '))
            result.pop()
            result.append(addnodes.desc_sig_punctuation('', ']'))
            return result
        elif isinstance(node, ast.Module):
            return sum((unparse(e) for e in node.body), [])
        elif isinstance(node, ast.Name):
            return [nodes.Text(node.id)]
        elif isinstance(node, ast.Subscript):
            result = unparse(node.value)
            result.append(addnodes.desc_sig_punctuation('', '['))
            result.extend(unparse(node.slice))
            result.append(addnodes.desc_sig_punctuation('', ']'))
            return result
        elif isinstance(node, ast.Tuple):
            if node.elts:
                result = []
                for elem in node.elts:
                    result.extend(unparse(elem))
                    result.append(addnodes.desc_sig_punctuation('', ', '))
                result.pop()
            else:
                result = [addnodes.desc_sig_punctuation('', '('),
                          addnodes.desc_sig_punctuation('', ')')]

            return result
        else:
            if sys.version_info < (3, 8):
                if isinstance(node, ast.Ellipsis):
                    return [addnodes.desc_sig_punctuation('', "...")]
                elif isinstance(node, ast.NameConstant):
                    return [nodes.Text(node.value)]

            raise SyntaxError  # unsupported syntax

    if env is None:
        warnings.warn("The env parameter for _parse_annotation becomes required now.",
                      RemovedInSphinx50Warning, stacklevel=2)

    try:
        tree = ast_parse(annotation)
        result = unparse(tree)
        for i, node in enumerate(result):
            if isinstance(node, nodes.Text) and node.strip():
                result[i] = type_to_xref(str(node), env)
        return result
    except SyntaxError:
        return [type_to_xref(annotation, env)]


def _parse_arglist(arglist: str, env: BuildEnvironment = None) -> addnodes.desc_parameterlist:
    """Parse a list of arguments using AST parser"""
    params = addnodes.desc_parameterlist(arglist)
    sig = signature_from_str('(%s)' % arglist)
    last_kind = None
    for param in sig.parameters.values():
        if param.kind != param.POSITIONAL_ONLY and last_kind == param.POSITIONAL_ONLY:
            # PEP-570: Separator for Positional Only Parameter: /
            params += addnodes.desc_parameter('', '', addnodes.desc_sig_operator('', '/'))
        if param.kind == param.KEYWORD_ONLY and last_kind in (param.POSITIONAL_OR_KEYWORD,
                                                              param.POSITIONAL_ONLY,
                                                              None):
            # PEP-3102: Separator for Keyword Only Parameter: *
            params += addnodes.desc_parameter('', '', addnodes.desc_sig_operator('', '*'))

        node = addnodes.desc_parameter()
        if param.kind == param.VAR_POSITIONAL:
            node += addnodes.desc_sig_operator('', '*')
            node += addnodes.desc_sig_name('', param.name)
        elif param.kind == param.VAR_KEYWORD:
            node += addnodes.desc_sig_operator('', '**')
            node += addnodes.desc_sig_name('', param.name)
        else:
            node += addnodes.desc_sig_name('', param.name)

        if param.annotation is not param.empty:
            children = _parse_annotation(param.annotation, env)
            node += addnodes.desc_sig_punctuation('', ':')
            node += nodes.Text(' ')
            node += addnodes.desc_sig_name('', '', *children)  # type: ignore
        if param.default is not param.empty:
            if param.annotation is not param.empty:
                node += nodes.Text(' ')
                node += addnodes.desc_sig_operator('', '=')
                node += nodes.Text(' ')
            else:
                node += addnodes.desc_sig_operator('', '=')
            node += nodes.inline('', param.default, classes=['default_value'],
                                 support_smartquotes=False)

        params += node
        last_kind = param.kind

    if last_kind == Parameter.POSITIONAL_ONLY:
        # PEP-570: Separator for Positional Only Parameter: /
        params += addnodes.desc_parameter('', '', addnodes.desc_sig_operator('', '/'))

    return params


def _pseudo_parse_arglist(signode: desc_signature, arglist: str) -> None:
    """"Parse" a list of arguments separated by commas.

    Arguments can have "optional" annotations given by enclosing them in
    brackets.  Currently, this will split at any comma, even if it's inside a
    string literal (e.g. default argument value).
    """
    paramlist = addnodes.desc_parameterlist()
    stack = [paramlist]  # type: List[Element]
    try:
        for argument in arglist.split(','):
            argument = argument.strip()
            ends_open = ends_close = 0
            while argument.startswith('['):
                stack.append(addnodes.desc_optional())
                stack[-2] += stack[-1]
                argument = argument[1:].strip()
            while argument.startswith(']'):
                stack.pop()
                argument = argument[1:].strip()
            while argument.endswith(']') and not argument.endswith('[]'):
                ends_close += 1
                argument = argument[:-1].strip()
            while argument.endswith('['):
                ends_open += 1
                argument = argument[:-1].strip()
            if argument:
                stack[-1] += addnodes.desc_parameter(argument, argument)
            while ends_open:
                stack.append(addnodes.desc_optional())
                stack[-2] += stack[-1]
                ends_open -= 1
            while ends_close:
                stack.pop()
                ends_close -= 1
        if len(stack) != 1:
            raise IndexError
    except IndexError:
        # if there are too few or too many elements on the stack, just give up
        # and treat the whole argument list as one argument, discarding the
        # already partially populated paramlist node
        paramlist = addnodes.desc_parameterlist()
        paramlist += addnodes.desc_parameter(arglist, arglist)
        signode += paramlist
    else:
        signode += paramlist


# This override allows our inline type specifiers to behave like :class: link
# when it comes to handling "." and "~" prefixes.
class PyXrefMixin:
    def make_xref(self, rolename: str, domain: str, target: str,
                  innernode: Type[TextlikeNode] = nodes.emphasis,
                  contnode: Node = None, env: BuildEnvironment = None) -> Node:
        result = super().make_xref(rolename, domain, target,  # type: ignore
                                   innernode, contnode, env)
        result['refspecific'] = True
        result['py:module'] = env.ref_context.get('py:module')
        result['py:class'] = env.ref_context.get('py:class')
        if target.startswith(('.', '~')):
            prefix, result['reftarget'] = target[0], target[1:]
            if prefix == '.':
                text = target[1:]
            elif prefix == '~':
                text = target.split('.')[-1]
            for node in result.traverse(nodes.Text):
                node.parent[node.parent.index(node)] = nodes.Text(text)
                break
        return result

    def make_xrefs(self, rolename: str, domain: str, target: str,
                   innernode: Type[TextlikeNode] = nodes.emphasis,
                   contnode: Node = None, env: BuildEnvironment = None) -> List[Node]:
        delims = r'(\s*[\[\]\(\),](?:\s*or\s)?\s*|\s+or\s+)'
        delims_re = re.compile(delims)
        sub_targets = re.split(delims, target)

        split_contnode = bool(contnode and contnode.astext() == target)

        results = []
        for sub_target in filter(None, sub_targets):
            if split_contnode:
                contnode = nodes.Text(sub_target)

            if delims_re.match(sub_target):
                results.append(contnode or innernode(sub_target, sub_target))
            else:
                results.append(self.make_xref(rolename, domain, sub_target,
                                              innernode, contnode, env))

        return results


class PyField(PyXrefMixin, Field):
    def make_xref(self, rolename: str, domain: str, target: str,
                  innernode: Type[TextlikeNode] = nodes.emphasis,
                  contnode: Node = None, env: BuildEnvironment = None) -> Node:
        if rolename == 'class' and target == 'None':
            # None is not a type, so use obj role instead.
            rolename = 'obj'

        return super().make_xref(rolename, domain, target, innernode, contnode, env)


class PyGroupedField(PyXrefMixin, GroupedField):
    pass


class PyTypedField(PyXrefMixin, TypedField):
    def make_xref(self, rolename: str, domain: str, target: str,
                  innernode: Type[TextlikeNode] = nodes.emphasis,
                  contnode: Node = None, env: BuildEnvironment = None) -> Node:
        if rolename == 'class' and target == 'None':
            # None is not a type, so use obj role instead.
            rolename = 'obj'

        return super().make_xref(rolename, domain, target, innernode, contnode, env)


class PyObject(ObjectDescription[Tuple[str, str]]):
    """
    Description of a general Python object.

    :cvar allow_nesting: Class is an object that allows for nested namespaces
    :vartype allow_nesting: bool
    """
    option_spec = {
        'noindex': directives.flag,
        'noindexentry': directives.flag,
        'module': directives.unchanged,
        'canonical': directives.unchanged,
        'annotation': directives.unchanged,
    }

    doc_field_types = [
        PyTypedField('parameter', label=_('Parameters'),
                     names=('param', 'parameter', 'arg', 'argument',
                            'keyword', 'kwarg', 'kwparam'),
                     typerolename='class', typenames=('paramtype', 'type'),
                     can_collapse=True),
        PyTypedField('variable', label=_('Variables'),
                     names=('var', 'ivar', 'cvar'),
                     typerolename='class', typenames=('vartype',),
                     can_collapse=True),
        PyGroupedField('exceptions', label=_('Raises'), rolename='exc',
                       names=('raises', 'raise', 'exception', 'except'),
                       can_collapse=True),
        Field('returnvalue', label=_('Returns'), has_arg=False,
              names=('returns', 'return')),
        PyField('returntype', label=_('Return type'), has_arg=False,
                names=('rtype',), bodyrolename='class'),
    ]

    allow_nesting = False

    def get_signature_prefix(self, sig: str) -> str:
        """May return a prefix to put before the object name in the
        signature.
        """
        return ''

    def needs_arglist(self) -> bool:
        """May return true if an empty argument list is to be generated even if
        the document contains none.
        """
        return False

    def handle_signature(self, sig: str, signode: desc_signature) -> Tuple[str, str]:
        """Transform a Python signature into RST nodes.

        Return (fully qualified name of the thing, classname if any).

        If inside a class, the current class name is handled intelligently:
        * it is stripped from the displayed name if present
        * it is added to the full name (return value) if not present
        """
        m = py_sig_re.match(sig)
        if m is None:
            raise ValueError
        prefix, name, arglist, retann = m.groups()

        # determine module and class name (if applicable), as well as full name
        modname = self.options.get('module', self.env.ref_context.get('py:module'))
        classname = self.env.ref_context.get('py:class')
        if classname:
            add_module = False
            if prefix and (prefix == classname or
                           prefix.startswith(classname + ".")):
                fullname = prefix + name
                # class name is given again in the signature
                prefix = prefix[len(classname):].lstrip('.')
            elif prefix:
                # class name is given in the signature, but different
                # (shouldn't happen)
                fullname = classname + '.' + prefix + name
            else:
                # class name is not given in the signature
                fullname = classname + '.' + name
        else:
            add_module = True
            if prefix:
                classname = prefix.rstrip('.')
                fullname = prefix + name
            else:
                classname = ''
                fullname = name

        signode['module'] = modname
        signode['class'] = classname
        signode['fullname'] = fullname

        sig_prefix = self.get_signature_prefix(sig)
        if sig_prefix:
            signode += addnodes.desc_annotation(sig_prefix, sig_prefix)

        if prefix:
            signode += addnodes.desc_addname(prefix, prefix)
        elif add_module and self.env.config.add_module_names:
            if modname and modname != 'exceptions':
                # exceptions are a special case, since they are documented in the
                # 'exceptions' module.
                nodetext = modname + '.'
                signode += addnodes.desc_addname(nodetext, nodetext)

        signode += addnodes.desc_name(name, name)
        if arglist:
            try:
                signode += _parse_arglist(arglist, self.env)
            except SyntaxError:
                # fallback to parse arglist original parser.
                # it supports to represent optional arguments (ex. "func(foo [, bar])")
                _pseudo_parse_arglist(signode, arglist)
            except NotImplementedError as exc:
                logger.warning("could not parse arglist (%r): %s", arglist, exc,
                               location=signode)
                _pseudo_parse_arglist(signode, arglist)
        else:
            if self.needs_arglist():
                # for callables, add an empty parameter list
                signode += addnodes.desc_parameterlist()

        if retann:
            children = _parse_annotation(retann, self.env)
            signode += addnodes.desc_returns(retann, '', *children)

        anno = self.options.get('annotation')
        if anno:
            signode += addnodes.desc_annotation(' ' + anno, ' ' + anno)

        return fullname, prefix

    def get_index_text(self, modname: str, name: Tuple[str, str]) -> str:
        """Return the text for the index entry of the object."""
        raise NotImplementedError('must be implemented in subclasses')

    def add_target_and_index(self, name_cls: Tuple[str, str], sig: str,
                             signode: desc_signature) -> None:
        modname = self.options.get('module', self.env.ref_context.get('py:module'))
        fullname = (modname + '.' if modname else '') + name_cls[0]
        node_id = make_id(self.env, self.state.document, '', fullname)
        signode['ids'].append(node_id)

        # Assign old styled node_id(fullname) not to break old hyperlinks (if possible)
        # Note: Will removed in Sphinx-5.0  (RemovedInSphinx50Warning)
        if node_id != fullname and fullname not in self.state.document.ids:
            signode['ids'].append(fullname)

        self.state.document.note_explicit_target(signode)

        domain = cast(PythonDomain, self.env.get_domain('py'))
        domain.note_object(fullname, self.objtype, node_id, location=signode)

        canonical_name = self.options.get('canonical')
        if canonical_name:
            domain.note_object(canonical_name, self.objtype, node_id, canonical=True,
                               location=signode)

        if 'noindexentry' not in self.options:
            indextext = self.get_index_text(modname, name_cls)
            if indextext:
                self.indexnode['entries'].append(('single', indextext, node_id, '', None))

    def before_content(self) -> None:
        """Handle object nesting before content

        :py:class:`PyObject` represents Python language constructs. For
        constructs that are nestable, such as a Python classes, this method will
        build up a stack of the nesting hierarchy so that it can be later
        de-nested correctly, in :py:meth:`after_content`.

        For constructs that aren't nestable, the stack is bypassed, and instead
        only the most recent object is tracked. This object prefix name will be
        removed with :py:meth:`after_content`.
        """
        prefix = None
        if self.names:
            # fullname and name_prefix come from the `handle_signature` method.
            # fullname represents the full object name that is constructed using
            # object nesting and explicit prefixes. `name_prefix` is the
            # explicit prefix given in a signature
            (fullname, name_prefix) = self.names[-1]
            if self.allow_nesting:
                prefix = fullname
            elif name_prefix:
                prefix = name_prefix.strip('.')
        if prefix:
            self.env.ref_context['py:class'] = prefix
            if self.allow_nesting:
                classes = self.env.ref_context.setdefault('py:classes', [])
                classes.append(prefix)
        if 'module' in self.options:
            modules = self.env.ref_context.setdefault('py:modules', [])
            modules.append(self.env.ref_context.get('py:module'))
            self.env.ref_context['py:module'] = self.options['module']

    def after_content(self) -> None:
        """Handle object de-nesting after content

        If this class is a nestable object, removing the last nested class prefix
        ends further nesting in the object.

        If this class is not a nestable object, the list of classes should not
        be altered as we didn't affect the nesting levels in
        :py:meth:`before_content`.
        """
        classes = self.env.ref_context.setdefault('py:classes', [])
        if self.allow_nesting:
            try:
                classes.pop()
            except IndexError:
                pass
        self.env.ref_context['py:class'] = (classes[-1] if len(classes) > 0
                                            else None)
        if 'module' in self.options:
            modules = self.env.ref_context.setdefault('py:modules', [])
            if modules:
                self.env.ref_context['py:module'] = modules.pop()
            else:
                self.env.ref_context.pop('py:module')


class PyFunction(PyObject):
    """Description of a function."""

    option_spec = PyObject.option_spec.copy()
    option_spec.update({
        'async': directives.flag,
    })

    def get_signature_prefix(self, sig: str) -> str:
        if 'async' in self.options:
            return 'async '
        else:
            return ''

    def needs_arglist(self) -> bool:
        return True

    def add_target_and_index(self, name_cls: Tuple[str, str], sig: str,
                             signode: desc_signature) -> None:
        super().add_target_and_index(name_cls, sig, signode)
        if 'noindexentry' not in self.options:
            modname = self.options.get('module', self.env.ref_context.get('py:module'))
            node_id = signode['ids'][0]

            name, cls = name_cls
            if modname:
                text = _('%s() (in module %s)') % (name, modname)
                self.indexnode['entries'].append(('single', text, node_id, '', None))
            else:
                text = '%s; %s()' % (pairindextypes['builtin'], name)
                self.indexnode['entries'].append(('pair', text, node_id, '', None))

    def get_index_text(self, modname: str, name_cls: Tuple[str, str]) -> str:
        # add index in own add_target_and_index() instead.
        return None


class PyDecoratorFunction(PyFunction):
    """Description of a decorator."""

    def run(self) -> List[Node]:
        # a decorator function is a function after all
        self.name = 'py:function'
        return super().run()

    def handle_signature(self, sig: str, signode: desc_signature) -> Tuple[str, str]:
        ret = super().handle_signature(sig, signode)
        signode.insert(0, addnodes.desc_addname('@', '@'))
        return ret

    def needs_arglist(self) -> bool:
        return False


class PyVariable(PyObject):
    """Description of a variable."""

    option_spec = PyObject.option_spec.copy()
    option_spec.update({
        'type': directives.unchanged,
        'value': directives.unchanged,
    })

    def handle_signature(self, sig: str, signode: desc_signature) -> Tuple[str, str]:
        fullname, prefix = super().handle_signature(sig, signode)

        typ = self.options.get('type')
        if typ:
            annotations = _parse_annotation(typ, self.env)
            signode += addnodes.desc_annotation(typ, '', nodes.Text(': '), *annotations)

        value = self.options.get('value')
        if value:
            signode += addnodes.desc_annotation(value, ' = ' + value)

        return fullname, prefix

    def get_index_text(self, modname: str, name_cls: Tuple[str, str]) -> str:
        name, cls = name_cls
        if modname:
            return _('%s (in module %s)') % (name, modname)
        else:
            return _('%s (built-in variable)') % name


class PyClasslike(PyObject):
    """
    Description of a class-like object (classes, interfaces, exceptions).
    """

    option_spec = PyObject.option_spec.copy()
    option_spec.update({
        'final': directives.flag,
    })

    allow_nesting = True

    def get_signature_prefix(self, sig: str) -> str:
        if 'final' in self.options:
            return 'final %s ' % self.objtype
        else:
            return '%s ' % self.objtype

    def get_index_text(self, modname: str, name_cls: Tuple[str, str]) -> str:
        if self.objtype == 'class':
            if not modname:
                return _('%s (built-in class)') % name_cls[0]
            return _('%s (class in %s)') % (name_cls[0], modname)
        elif self.objtype == 'exception':
            return name_cls[0]
        else:
            return ''


class PyMethod(PyObject):
    """Description of a method."""

    option_spec = PyObject.option_spec.copy()
    option_spec.update({
        'abstractmethod': directives.flag,
        'async': directives.flag,
        'classmethod': directives.flag,
        'final': directives.flag,
        'property': directives.flag,
        'staticmethod': directives.flag,
    })

    def needs_arglist(self) -> bool:
        if 'property' in self.options:
            return False
        else:
            return True

    def get_signature_prefix(self, sig: str) -> str:
        prefix = []
        if 'final' in self.options:
            prefix.append('final')
        if 'abstractmethod' in self.options:
            prefix.append('abstract')
        if 'async' in self.options:
            prefix.append('async')
        if 'classmethod' in self.options:
            prefix.append('classmethod')
        if 'property' in self.options:
            prefix.append('property')
        if 'staticmethod' in self.options:
            prefix.append('static')

        if prefix:
            return ' '.join(prefix) + ' '
        else:
            return ''

    def get_index_text(self, modname: str, name_cls: Tuple[str, str]) -> str:
        name, cls = name_cls
        try:
            clsname, methname = name.rsplit('.', 1)
            if modname and self.env.config.add_module_names:
                clsname = '.'.join([modname, clsname])
        except ValueError:
            if modname:
                return _('%s() (in module %s)') % (name, modname)
            else:
                return '%s()' % name

        if 'classmethod' in self.options:
            return _('%s() (%s class method)') % (methname, clsname)
        elif 'property' in self.options:
            return _('%s() (%s property)') % (methname, clsname)
        elif 'staticmethod' in self.options:
            return _('%s() (%s static method)') % (methname, clsname)
        else:
            return _('%s() (%s method)') % (methname, clsname)


class PyClassMethod(PyMethod):
    """Description of a classmethod."""

    option_spec = PyObject.option_spec.copy()

    def run(self) -> List[Node]:
        self.name = 'py:method'
        self.options['classmethod'] = True

        return super().run()


class PyStaticMethod(PyMethod):
    """Description of a staticmethod."""

    option_spec = PyObject.option_spec.copy()

    def run(self) -> List[Node]:
        self.name = 'py:method'
        self.options['staticmethod'] = True

        return super().run()


class PyDecoratorMethod(PyMethod):
    """Description of a decoratormethod."""

    def run(self) -> List[Node]:
        self.name = 'py:method'
        return super().run()

    def handle_signature(self, sig: str, signode: desc_signature) -> Tuple[str, str]:
        ret = super().handle_signature(sig, signode)
        signode.insert(0, addnodes.desc_addname('@', '@'))
        return ret

    def needs_arglist(self) -> bool:
        return False


class PyAttribute(PyObject):
    """Description of an attribute."""

    option_spec = PyObject.option_spec.copy()
    option_spec.update({
        'type': directives.unchanged,
        'value': directives.unchanged,
    })

    def handle_signature(self, sig: str, signode: desc_signature) -> Tuple[str, str]:
        fullname, prefix = super().handle_signature(sig, signode)

        typ = self.options.get('type')
        if typ:
            annotations = _parse_annotation(typ, self.env)
            signode += addnodes.desc_annotation(typ, '', nodes.Text(': '), *annotations)

        value = self.options.get('value')
        if value:
            signode += addnodes.desc_annotation(value, ' = ' + value)

        return fullname, prefix

    def get_index_text(self, modname: str, name_cls: Tuple[str, str]) -> str:
        name, cls = name_cls
        try:
            clsname, attrname = name.rsplit('.', 1)
            if modname and self.env.config.add_module_names:
                clsname = '.'.join([modname, clsname])
        except ValueError:
            if modname:
                return _('%s (in module %s)') % (name, modname)
            else:
                return name

        return _('%s (%s attribute)') % (attrname, clsname)


class PyDecoratorMixin:
    """
    Mixin for decorator directives.
    """
    def handle_signature(self, sig: str, signode: desc_signature) -> Tuple[str, str]:
        for cls in self.__class__.__mro__:
            if cls.__name__ != 'DirectiveAdapter':
                warnings.warn('PyDecoratorMixin is deprecated. '
                              'Please check the implementation of %s' % cls,
                              RemovedInSphinx50Warning, stacklevel=2)
                break
        else:
            warnings.warn('PyDecoratorMixin is deprecated',
                          RemovedInSphinx50Warning, stacklevel=2)

        ret = super().handle_signature(sig, signode)  # type: ignore
        signode.insert(0, addnodes.desc_addname('@', '@'))
        return ret

    def needs_arglist(self) -> bool:
        return False


class PyModule(SphinxDirective):
    """
    Directive to mark description of a new module.
    """

    has_content = False
    required_arguments = 1
    optional_arguments = 0
    final_argument_whitespace = False
    option_spec = {
        'platform': lambda x: x,
        'synopsis': lambda x: x,
        'noindex': directives.flag,
        'deprecated': directives.flag,
    }

    def run(self) -> List[Node]:
        domain = cast(PythonDomain, self.env.get_domain('py'))

        modname = self.arguments[0].strip()
        noindex = 'noindex' in self.options
        self.env.ref_context['py:module'] = modname
        ret = []  # type: List[Node]
        if not noindex:
            # note module to the domain
            node_id = make_id(self.env, self.state.document, 'module', modname)
            target = nodes.target('', '', ids=[node_id], ismod=True)
            self.set_source_info(target)

            # Assign old styled node_id not to break old hyperlinks (if possible)
            # Note: Will removed in Sphinx-5.0  (RemovedInSphinx50Warning)
            old_node_id = self.make_old_id(modname)
            if node_id != old_node_id and old_node_id not in self.state.document.ids:
                target['ids'].append(old_node_id)

            self.state.document.note_explicit_target(target)

            domain.note_module(modname,
                               node_id,
                               self.options.get('synopsis', ''),
                               self.options.get('platform', ''),
                               'deprecated' in self.options)
            domain.note_object(modname, 'module', node_id, location=target)

            # the platform and synopsis aren't printed; in fact, they are only
            # used in the modindex currently
            ret.append(target)
            indextext = '%s; %s' % (pairindextypes['module'], modname)
            inode = addnodes.index(entries=[('pair', indextext, node_id, '', None)])
            ret.append(inode)
        return ret

    def make_old_id(self, name: str) -> str:
        """Generate old styled node_id.

        Old styled node_id is incompatible with docutils' node_id.
        It can contain dots and hyphens.

        .. note:: Old styled node_id was mainly used until Sphinx-3.0.
        """
        return 'module-%s' % name


class PyCurrentModule(SphinxDirective):
    """
    This directive is just to tell Sphinx that we're documenting
    stuff in module foo, but links to module foo won't lead here.
    """

    has_content = False
    required_arguments = 1
    optional_arguments = 0
    final_argument_whitespace = False
    option_spec = {}  # type: Dict

    def run(self) -> List[Node]:
        modname = self.arguments[0].strip()
        if modname == 'None':
            self.env.ref_context.pop('py:module', None)
        else:
            self.env.ref_context['py:module'] = modname
        return []


class PyXRefRole(XRefRole):
    def process_link(self, env: BuildEnvironment, refnode: Element,
                     has_explicit_title: bool, title: str, target: str) -> Tuple[str, str]:
        refnode['py:module'] = env.ref_context.get('py:module')
        refnode['py:class'] = env.ref_context.get('py:class')
        if not has_explicit_title:
            title = title.lstrip('.')    # only has a meaning for the target
            target = target.lstrip('~')  # only has a meaning for the title
            # if the first character is a tilde, don't display the module/class
            # parts of the contents
            if title[0:1] == '~':
                title = title[1:]
                dot = title.rfind('.')
                if dot != -1:
                    title = title[dot + 1:]
        # if the first character is a dot, search more specific namespaces first
        # else search builtins first
        if target[0:1] == '.':
            target = target[1:]
            refnode['refspecific'] = True
        return title, target


def filter_meta_fields(app: Sphinx, domain: str, objtype: str, content: Element) -> None:
    """Filter ``:meta:`` field from its docstring."""
    if domain != 'py':
        return

    for node in content:
        if isinstance(node, nodes.field_list):
            fields = cast(List[nodes.field], node)
            for field in fields:
                field_name = cast(nodes.field_body, field[0]).astext().strip()
                if field_name == 'meta' or field_name.startswith('meta '):
                    node.remove(field)
                    break


class PythonModuleIndex(Index):
    """
    Index subclass to provide the Python module index.
    """

    name = 'modindex'
    localname = _('Python Module Index')
    shortname = _('modules')

    def generate(self, docnames: Iterable[str] = None
                 ) -> Tuple[List[Tuple[str, List[IndexEntry]]], bool]:
        content = {}  # type: Dict[str, List[IndexEntry]]
        # list of prefixes to ignore
        ignores = None  # type: List[str]
        ignores = self.domain.env.config['modindex_common_prefix']  # type: ignore
        ignores = sorted(ignores, key=len, reverse=True)
        # list of all modules, sorted by module name
        modules = sorted(self.domain.data['modules'].items(),
                         key=lambda x: x[0].lower())
        # sort out collapsable modules
        prev_modname = ''
        num_toplevels = 0
        for modname, (docname, node_id, synopsis, platforms, deprecated) in modules:
            if docnames and docname not in docnames:
                continue

            for ignore in ignores:
                if modname.startswith(ignore):
                    modname = modname[len(ignore):]
                    stripped = ignore
                    break
            else:
                stripped = ''

            # we stripped the whole module name?
            if not modname:
                modname, stripped = stripped, ''

            entries = content.setdefault(modname[0].lower(), [])

            package = modname.split('.')[0]
            if package != modname:
                # it's a submodule
                if prev_modname == package:
                    # first submodule - make parent a group head
                    if entries:
                        last = entries[-1]
                        entries[-1] = IndexEntry(last[0], 1, last[2], last[3],
                                                 last[4], last[5], last[6])
                elif not prev_modname.startswith(package):
                    # submodule without parent in list, add dummy entry
                    entries.append(IndexEntry(stripped + package, 1, '', '', '', '', ''))
                subtype = 2
            else:
                num_toplevels += 1
                subtype = 0

            qualifier = _('Deprecated') if deprecated else ''
            entries.append(IndexEntry(stripped + modname, subtype, docname,
                                      node_id, platforms, qualifier, synopsis))
            prev_modname = modname

        # apply heuristics when to collapse modindex at page load:
        # only collapse if number of toplevel modules is larger than
        # number of submodules
        collapse = len(modules) - num_toplevels < num_toplevels

        # sort by first letter
        sorted_content = sorted(content.items())

        return sorted_content, collapse


[ドキュメント]class PythonDomain(Domain): """Python language domain.""" name = 'py' label = 'Python' object_types = { 'function': ObjType(_('function'), 'func', 'obj'), 'data': ObjType(_('data'), 'data', 'obj'), 'class': ObjType(_('class'), 'class', 'exc', 'obj'), 'exception': ObjType(_('exception'), 'exc', 'class', 'obj'), 'method': ObjType(_('method'), 'meth', 'obj'), 'classmethod': ObjType(_('class method'), 'meth', 'obj'), 'staticmethod': ObjType(_('static method'), 'meth', 'obj'), 'attribute': ObjType(_('attribute'), 'attr', 'obj'), 'module': ObjType(_('module'), 'mod', 'obj'), } # type: Dict[str, ObjType] directives = { 'function': PyFunction, 'data': PyVariable, 'class': PyClasslike, 'exception': PyClasslike, 'method': PyMethod, 'classmethod': PyClassMethod, 'staticmethod': PyStaticMethod, 'attribute': PyAttribute, 'module': PyModule, 'currentmodule': PyCurrentModule, 'decorator': PyDecoratorFunction, 'decoratormethod': PyDecoratorMethod, } roles = { 'data': PyXRefRole(), 'exc': PyXRefRole(), 'func': PyXRefRole(fix_parens=True), 'class': PyXRefRole(), 'const': PyXRefRole(), 'attr': PyXRefRole(), 'meth': PyXRefRole(fix_parens=True), 'mod': PyXRefRole(), 'obj': PyXRefRole(), } initial_data = { 'objects': {}, # fullname -> docname, objtype 'modules': {}, # modname -> docname, synopsis, platform, deprecated } # type: Dict[str, Dict[str, Tuple[Any]]] indices = [ PythonModuleIndex, ] @property def objects(self) -> Dict[str, ObjectEntry]: return self.data.setdefault('objects', {}) # fullname -> ObjectEntry
[ドキュメント] def note_object(self, name: str, objtype: str, node_id: str, canonical: bool = False, location: Any = None) -> None: """Note a python object for cross reference. .. versionadded:: 2.1 """ if name in self.objects: other = self.objects[name] logger.warning(__('duplicate object description of %s, ' 'other instance in %s, use :noindex: for one of them'), name, other.docname, location=location) self.objects[name] = ObjectEntry(self.env.docname, node_id, objtype, canonical)
@property def modules(self) -> Dict[str, ModuleEntry]: return self.data.setdefault('modules', {}) # modname -> ModuleEntry
[ドキュメント] def note_module(self, name: str, node_id: str, synopsis: str, platform: str, deprecated: bool) -> None: """Note a python module for cross reference. .. versionadded:: 2.1 """ self.modules[name] = ModuleEntry(self.env.docname, node_id, synopsis, platform, deprecated)
def clear_doc(self, docname: str) -> None: for fullname, obj in list(self.objects.items()): if obj.docname == docname: del self.objects[fullname] for modname, mod in list(self.modules.items()): if mod.docname == docname: del self.modules[modname] def merge_domaindata(self, docnames: List[str], otherdata: Dict) -> None: # XXX check duplicates? for fullname, obj in otherdata['objects'].items(): if obj.docname in docnames: self.objects[fullname] = obj for modname, mod in otherdata['modules'].items(): if mod.docname in docnames: self.modules[modname] = mod def find_obj(self, env: BuildEnvironment, modname: str, classname: str, name: str, type: str, searchmode: int = 0 ) -> List[Tuple[str, ObjectEntry]]: """Find a Python object for "name", perhaps using the given module and/or classname. Returns a list of (name, object entry) tuples. """ # skip parens if name[-2:] == '()': name = name[:-2] if not name: return [] matches = [] # type: List[Tuple[str, ObjectEntry]] newname = None if searchmode == 1: if type is None: objtypes = list(self.object_types) else: objtypes = self.objtypes_for_role(type) if objtypes is not None: if modname and classname: fullname = modname + '.' + classname + '.' + name if fullname in self.objects and self.objects[fullname].objtype in objtypes: newname = fullname if not newname: if modname and modname + '.' + name in self.objects and \ self.objects[modname + '.' + name].objtype in objtypes: newname = modname + '.' + name elif name in self.objects and self.objects[name].objtype in objtypes: newname = name else: # "fuzzy" searching mode searchname = '.' + name matches = [(oname, self.objects[oname]) for oname in self.objects if oname.endswith(searchname) and self.objects[oname].objtype in objtypes] else: # NOTE: searching for exact match, object type is not considered if name in self.objects: newname = name elif type == 'mod': # only exact matches allowed for modules return [] elif classname and classname + '.' + name in self.objects: newname = classname + '.' + name elif modname and modname + '.' + name in self.objects: newname = modname + '.' + name elif modname and classname and \ modname + '.' + classname + '.' + name in self.objects: newname = modname + '.' + classname + '.' + name if newname is not None: matches.append((newname, self.objects[newname])) return matches def resolve_xref(self, env: BuildEnvironment, fromdocname: str, builder: Builder, type: str, target: str, node: pending_xref, contnode: Element ) -> Element: modname = node.get('py:module') clsname = node.get('py:class') searchmode = 1 if node.hasattr('refspecific') else 0 matches = self.find_obj(env, modname, clsname, target, type, searchmode) if not matches and type == 'attr': # fallback to meth (for property) matches = self.find_obj(env, modname, clsname, target, 'meth', searchmode) if not matches: return None elif len(matches) > 1: logger.warning(__('more than one target found for cross-reference %r: %s'), target, ', '.join(match[0] for match in matches), type='ref', subtype='python', location=node) name, obj = matches[0] if obj[2] == 'module': return self._make_module_refnode(builder, fromdocname, name, contnode) else: return make_refnode(builder, fromdocname, obj[0], obj[1], contnode, name) def resolve_any_xref(self, env: BuildEnvironment, fromdocname: str, builder: Builder, target: str, node: pending_xref, contnode: Element ) -> List[Tuple[str, Element]]: modname = node.get('py:module') clsname = node.get('py:class') results = [] # type: List[Tuple[str, Element]] # always search in "refspecific" mode with the :any: role matches = self.find_obj(env, modname, clsname, target, None, 1) for name, obj in matches: if obj[2] == 'module': results.append(('py:mod', self._make_module_refnode(builder, fromdocname, name, contnode))) else: results.append(('py:' + self.role_for_objtype(obj[2]), make_refnode(builder, fromdocname, obj[0], obj[1], contnode, name))) return results def _make_module_refnode(self, builder: Builder, fromdocname: str, name: str, contnode: Node) -> Element: # get additional info for modules module = self.modules[name] title = name if module.synopsis: title += ': ' + module.synopsis if module.deprecated: title += _(' (deprecated)') if module.platform: title += ' (' + module.platform + ')' return make_refnode(builder, fromdocname, module.docname, module.node_id, contnode, title) def get_objects(self) -> Iterator[Tuple[str, str, str, str, str, int]]: for modname, mod in self.modules.items(): yield (modname, modname, 'module', mod.docname, mod.node_id, 0) for refname, obj in self.objects.items(): if obj.objtype != 'module': # modules are already handled if obj.canonical: # canonical names are not full-text searchable. yield (refname, refname, obj.objtype, obj.docname, obj.node_id, -1) else: yield (refname, refname, obj.objtype, obj.docname, obj.node_id, 1) def get_full_qualified_name(self, node: Element) -> str: modname = node.get('py:module') clsname = node.get('py:class') target = node.get('reftarget') if target is None: return None else: return '.'.join(filter(None, [modname, clsname, target]))
def builtin_resolver(app: Sphinx, env: BuildEnvironment, node: pending_xref, contnode: Element) -> Element: """Do not emit nitpicky warnings for built-in types.""" def istyping(s: str) -> bool: if s.startswith('typing.'): s = s.split('.', 1)[1] return s in typing.__all__ # type: ignore if node.get('refdomain') != 'py': return None elif node.get('reftype') in ('class', 'obj') and node.get('reftarget') == 'None': return contnode elif node.get('reftype') in ('class', 'exc'): reftarget = node.get('reftarget') if inspect.isclass(getattr(builtins, reftarget, None)): # built-in class return contnode elif istyping(reftarget): # typing class return contnode return None def setup(app: Sphinx) -> Dict[str, Any]: app.setup_extension('sphinx.directives') app.add_domain(PythonDomain) app.connect('object-description-transform', filter_meta_fields) app.connect('missing-reference', builtin_resolver, priority=900) return { 'version': 'builtin', 'env_version': 3, 'parallel_read_safe': True, 'parallel_write_safe': True, }